So what are we listening for?
A comparison of the English listening constructs
in the Japanese National Centre Test and TOEFL® iBT

Appendix F: Features of dialogue, multilog, & academic lecture
questions in the TOEFL® iBT

(1) single and multiple answers (2) ordering sequences and procedural steps
(3) matching objects (4) filling in tables
Question types: Typical questions used:
Basic Comprehension Questions (Table 3.3)
1. Gist-Content "What problem does the man have?"
"What are the speakers mainly discussing?"
"What is the main topic of the lecture?"
2. Gist-Purpose "Why" questions such as "Why does the student visit the professor?"
or "Why does the professor explain X?"
3. Detail "What is X?", "According to the professor,
what is one way that X can affect Y?"
Pragmatic Understanding Questions (Table 3.4)
4. Understanding the function of what was said "What can be inferred from the professor's response to the student?"
"What is the purpose of the woman's response?"
5. Understanding the speaker's attitude "What is the professor's attitude toward X?"
"What is the professor's opinion of X?"
Connecting Information Questions (Table 3.5)
6. Understanding organization "How is the discussion organized?"
"Why does the professor discuss X?"
7. Connecting content "What is the likely outcome of doing X before Y?"
8. Making inferences "What will the student probably do next?"

Source: ETS (2006a)
Main Article Appendix A Appendix B Appendix C Appendix D Appendix E
Appendix F Appendix G Appendix H Appendix I Appendix J Appendix K

2006 Pan SIG-Proceedings: Topic Index Author Index Page Index Title Index Main Index
Complete Pan SIG-Proceedings: Topic Index Author Index Page Index Title Index Main Index

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