|Possible answers for the nine questions about testing/assessment which were in the November 2009 issue of this newsletter appear below.|
[ p. 29 ]Sixth, religion is possibly a confounding factor in this study. Though many university students in Japan are only marginally aware that Christmas is a Christian holiday, at least a some non-Christians might feel ambivalent about celebrating the birth of Christ through song.
[ p. 30 ]A: Let's first consider some issues about the essay exams, then the interviews.
[ p. 31 ]Brown, J. D. (2002) English language entrance examinations: A progress report. In A. S. Mackenzie & T. Newfields (Eds). Curriculum Innovation, Testing and Evaluation: Proceedings of the 1st Annual JALT Pan-SIG Conference. May 11-12, 2002. Kyoto, Japan: Kyoto Institute of Technology. Retrieved November 24, 2009 from http://jalt.org/pansig/2002/HTML/Brown.htm
[ p. 32 ]Bar-Hillel, B., & Attali, Y. (2002). Seek whence: Answer sequences and their consequences in key-balanced multiple-choice tests. The American Statistician 56, 299-303. doi: 10.1198/000313002623.
[ p. 33 ]Gigawiz. Ltd. (2009). Correlation Methods and Statistics. Retrieved December 1, 2009 from http://www.gigawiz.com/correlations.html
[ p. 35 ]A frequent question among researchers concerns the difference between the KR-20 and KR-21. Simply stated, the KR-20 can be thought of as a short form of the KR-21. According to Lord (1953), it is less accurate than the KR-20. However, since it is so easy to calculate it remains common.
|Table 1. A Comparison of Three Widely Used Tests of Reliability.|
|Used for partial credit items?||No||No||Yes|
|Assumes test items are of uniform difficulty?||No||Yes||Yes|
|Assumes all test items measure same skill?||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Recommended for speeded tests?||No||No||No|
[ p. 36 ]4 Q: The grading scheme which appears at http://jalt.org/test/SS8c.gif is an example of __________.
[ p. 37 ]Further reading:
[ p. 38 ]